Promotie: Merel Borger (Vrije Universiteit)

Digitale technologie en publieksparticipatie in de journalistiek en de vraag wat telt als ‘echte’ journalistiek

Datum: 18 oktober 2016, 13.45
Locatie: Aula
Titel:
Participatory Journalism. Rethinking Journalism in the Digital Age?
Promotor: prof.dr. I. Costera Meijer, dr. A.M.J. van Hoof, dr. J.M. Sanders

De komst van digitale technologie heeft de verwachting opgeroepen dat iedereen voortaan zou kunnen deelnemen aan het maken en verspreiden van nieuws. Op basis van literatuurstudie, kwalitatieve analyse van diepte-interviews en inhoudsanalyse van nieuwsberichten onderzocht Merel Borger hoe participatieve ontwikkelingen in de journalistiek invloed hebben op conventionele opvattingen over wat telt als journalistiek en wie telt als journalist.

Meer informatie over het proefschrift in VU-DARE

PhD Defence: Niels Kerssens

Cultures of Use – 1970s/1980s: An Archaeology of Computing’s Integration with Everyday Life

Date: Wednesday 25 May 2016, at 10am sharp.
Venue: Agnietenkapel, University of Amsterdam (address: Oudezijds Voorburgwal 231
Promotors: Prof. dr José van Dijck & Dr Bernard Rieder

You are cordially invited to attend the public defence, which will take place in the Agnietenkapel, University of Amsterdam (address: Oudezijds Voorburgwal 231). The defence will be followed by a reception in the Agnietenkapel.

Should you have any questions, you can reach Niels Kerssens via niels.kerssens@gmail.com

Birte Schohaus: Politicians in talk shows – Behind the scenes

Birte Schohaus | University of Groningen, department of media and journalism studies |1 October 2012 end 30 September 2016 | Supervisors: professor Marcel Broersma & professor  Huub Wijfjes | b[dot]schohaus[at]rug[dot]nl

Despite a growing body of different news media, like online news and social media, television is still a crucial source of political information for citizens. The interaction between politicians and journalists on television, however, has changed markedly during the last decades and is still altering. Television talk shows have played a significant role in these changes and have gained a special position in the relations between journalists and politicians. There is more space for soft news and human interest in this genre than in news programs, and the host can easily switch between serious and more entertaining topics or questions. Politicians have to adjust to these formats, but also think they can get their message across much more easily in a talk show than in news programs where they only get a few seconds of speaking time.

In my research I focus on the relationship between the on- and off-screen interaction between politicians and journalists in Dutch talk shows and how this is affected by the programs’ format. By combining ethnographic research, interviews with politicians, spokesmen, editors and journalists, and a qualitative content analysis of those shows, the production process as well as the final product are analysed to unravel underlying structures, agreements and ideas that shape a program’s format and the interaction in it.

 

Niels Kerssens: Politics of Use: Computer Application as Culture-Technical Configuration (2012-2015)

Niels Kerssens | Amsterdam School of Cultural Analysis (ASCA), University of Amsterdam, Department of Mediastudies | José van Dijck (Promotor) and Bernhard Rieder (Co-Promotor) | January 2012 – December 2015 | N.Kerssens[at]uva[dot]nl

In the midst of new media usage being dominated by ‘apps’, this project examines the historico-political dimensions of personal computer application, or, in more general terms, the utilitarian computing practice now simply known as use. These dimensions are examined through the exploration of use as culture-technical configuration, which principles of organization, arguably, are fundamental to a contemporary app culture that has the user as its main subject, the computer as central technology, and application as its core practice.

As a culture-technical history of computer use, central to this project, however, is not the historical formation of a technological object – the personal computer – nor that of a human subject – the user – but the study of personal computing as utilitarian practice. In other words, historicized are applications – practices of use – key to the utilization of the personal computer. On the basis of a vast array of source material from (once) popular computer magazines and books tuned to the computer user, such applications are approached as culture-technical configurations, with use examined as a historically situated nexus of interconnected ideas, processes, techniques and technologies.

In each of three case studies the configuration of an application key to the formation of personal computing is critically examined. To grasp the specificities of each configuration, the application is approached as re­-configuration of a closely affiliated computer practice that historically preceded it. In the first case study (1970s-80s) word processing is examined as reconfiguration of an earlier systems approach to electronic text production. The second case study (1980s) explores the productivity application as utilitarian reconfiguration of a former intellectual and educational practice of computer programming. The third case study (1980s-1990s) examines web browsing as reconfiguration of an earlier information retrieval practice connected to online database services.

Christian Olesen: Film History in the Making: Digital Archives and Film Historiography – Historical and Future Perspectives (2012-2016)

Christian Olesen: Film History in the Making: Digital Archives and Film Historiography – Historical and Future Perspectives

September 2012 – September 2016
University of Amsterdam, Department of Mediastudies
Supervised by: Prof.dr. Julia Noordegraaf
http://filmhistoryinthemaking.com/
http://www.uva.nl/en/about-the-uva/organisation/staff-members/content/o/l/c.g.olesen/c.g.olesen.html

My project investigates the implications which digitization in film archives bears upon film historical research in primarily academic settings. Never before have so many moving images and film-related materials been available for film historical research while digital scholarship in historical disciplines is concurrently proliferating. With regard to this development, my dissertation addresses the need for understanding its consequences for film historical methodology in order to develop a critical framework for evaluating and conceptualizing digital archives-based scholarship. From this point of departure, my dissertation aspires to produce both a historical account of digital film historiography and suggestions for further developments of digital research methodology. To this end, my dissertation discusses in a historical perspective, how the conception of film archives as a source of film history has developed, from the ”first wave” of scientific film archives founded in the 1910s to scholarly Hyperkino presentations of silent cinema a century later. Subsequently, my dissertation conducts a case study of a digitized collection of early silent film and related material, from a digital humanities perspective to reflect upon what it means to do film history in a digital research environment.

My research’s conceptual frame is rooted in science and technology studies and media history. Lending a central notion from sociologist Bruno Latour’s key work Science in Action (Harvard University Press, 1987) I regard current developments in digital film historiography as film history ”in the making” with attention to the research agendas that guide the design of digital tools of analysis. To add a historical perspective to this framework which will enable me to compare digital to earlier forms of film historiography, I combine it with the related dispositif-approach as (re-)defined by film scholars Maria Tortajada and François Albera in Cinema Beyond Film. Media Epistemology in the Modern Era (Amsterdam University Press, 2010), which investigates the development and applications of audiovisual technologies in scientific research contexts historically.